Analyses is the identical spelling of two different words, or very similar words whose grammatical functions are quite different. This can sometimes confuse readers in a hurry. Each has a different pronunciation, which can lead people who are reading aloud to stumble.
One is a noun and the other a verb.
- analyses as a noun is the plural form of analysis: one analysis becomes several analyses. The singular and plural are pronounced in a very similar way, with the stress on the second syllable: ‘er-NAL-er-sis’ IPA: /ənˈæləsɪs/ and ‘er-NAL-er-sees’ IPA: /ənˈæləsiːz/, unless the speaker is trying to bring out the difference when it becomes more like ‘er-nal-er-SEES’ IPA: /ənæləˈsiz/. (The noun (analysis is a Greek word, and classical Greek nouns which end in –is regularly form the plural in –es. The plural of the noun analysis is analyses, never analysises.)
- Don’t confuse the noun with the form of the verb which looks identical. analyses as a verb is the third person singular of the present tense: ‘I analyse’ (with no verb ending); but ‘she analyses’ (ending in -s). Both forms are pronounced in a similar way, with the stress on the first syllable: ‘AN-nerl-eyes’ IPA: /ˈænəlaɪz/ and ‘AN-erl-eyes-iz’ IPA: /ˈænəlaɪzɪz/. This makes them different from the pronunciation of the noun, with its emphasis on the second syllable. When you are reading, don’t confuse the noun with the apparently identical verb.
See also Analyse - analysis - analyses.