Victorian is the adjective from the name of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901). Thus Victorian, in the historical sense, strictly refers to the greater part of the nineteenth century - the last two thirds. It also refers to the styles, such as Victorian architecture or furniture, etc, and attitudes associated with the reign of Queen Victoria. The attitudes meant are sometimes purely ‘old-fashioned’, but oftener mean an attitude of strict morals, strictly limited social codes of behaviour, and a ‘strait-laced’ way of behaving. Such an attitude brought with it much hypocrisy: Victorian morality frowned on all sexual behaviour, while at the same time, prostitution, including child prostitution, flourished in London. Stereotypically, the word Victorian is often used by liberal thinkers to imply repression in the fields of the emotions, morality, and behaviour. More conservative circles look back to Victorian times as a ‘Golden Age’, in which the ‘Victorian values’ of strict family behaviour, thrift and highly controlled social behaviour were supreme. Such people often associate the Victorians with the British Empire. Victoria was the first British monarch to take the title of ‘Empress of India’.
Victorian is also, in the geographical sense. the adjective from places called ‘Victoria’. These places are mostly named after the Queen Victoria, such as the State of Victoria in Australia; the city of Victoria in British Columbia, in Canada; the Victoria Falls on the Zambesi River, between Zambia and Zimbabwe in Africa; and Lake Victoria, the former name of Lake Nyanza, the biggest lake in Africa (between Kenya, Tanzania and uganda.